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Megaptera novaeangliae Bunch, Humpback Whale, Hump Whale, Hunchbacked Whale


Megaptera novaeangliae 
Bunch, Humpback Whale, Hump Whale, Hunchbacked Whale 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Mammalia (Class) > Cetartiodactyla (Order) > Balaenopteridae (Family) > Megaptera (Genus) > novaeangliae (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Borowski, ), 1781 
(the) Maldives, Alaska, Arctic Sea, Australia, Azores, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, Cambodia, Canada , Chile, China, Christmas Islands, Circumtropic, Comores, Cook Islands, Corea, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Ecuador, European Coasts, Fiji, French Polynesia, Galapagos Islands, Greenland, Guam, Haiti, Hawaii, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Japan, Johnston Atoll, Kenya, Kiribati, Lord Howe Island, Madagascar, Madeira, Malaysia, Marschall Islands, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mexico (East Pacific), Micronesia, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Islands, Puerto Rico, Réunion , Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South-Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tansania, Thailand, the Andaman Sea, The Bahamas, the British Isles, the Canary Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Cocos Islands / Keeling Islands, the Isle of Man, the Seychelles, Timor, Togo, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuamoto Islands, Tuvalu, Uruguay, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis and Futuna, West Africa 
Sea depth:
1 - 4000 Meter 
472.44" - 629.92" (1200cm - 1600cm) 
35000 kg 
28.4 °F - 80.6 °F (-2°C - 27°C) 
Copepods, Fish (little fishes), Krill, Zooplankton 
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Not available as offspring 
Toxic hazard unknown 
Appendix I (trade generally prohibited)) 
Red List:
Least concern (LC)  
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
Last edit:
2019-10-09 22:05:10 


(Borowski, 1781)

The Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae - as seen on the images here taken by Heinz Mahler - owns its genus name to its enormous fluke (mega=large, ptera=fin), which extends above the waterline during submerging.

These with 12 to 16 meters enormously large mammals feed mainly on krill and other zooplankton but can also eat smaller schooling fish, like all other baleen whales. They spend their summers in the polar sea but during winter they travel to tropical or subtropical areas, where they often keep close to the coast line.

Humpback whales are air-breathing mammals, with a gestation period of about 11,5 months. The calves are about 6 meters long at birth and are being nursed for up to one year by their mother.

Balaena allamack Gray, 1846
Balaena atlanticus Hurdis, 1897
Balaena boops Fabricius, 1780
Balaena gibbosa Gray, 1843
Balaena lalandii Fischer, 1829
Balaena longimana Rudolphi, 1832
Balaena nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789
Balaena novaeangliae Borowski, 1781 (basionym)
Balaena sulcata antarctica Schlegel, 1841
Balaenoptera antarctica Temminck, 1841
Balaenoptera astrolabe Pucheran, 1843
Balaenoptera australis Lesson, 1828
Balaenoptera capensis A. Smith, 1834
Balaenoptera leucopteron Lesson, 1842
Balaenoptera syncondylus A. Mueller, 1863
Kyphobalaena keporkak Van Beneden, 1868
Megaptera americana Gray, 1846
Megaptera antarctica Gray, 1846
Megaptera bellicosa Cope, 1871
Megaptera boops Van Beneden & Gervais, 1880
Megaptera brasiliensis True, 1904
Megaptera braziliensis Cope, 1867
Megaptera burmeisteri Burmeister, 1866
Megaptera gigas Cope, 1865
Megaptera indica Gervais, 1883
Megaptera kusira Trouessart, 1904 (misspelling)
Megaptera lalandii Gray, 1864
Megaptera longimana Gray, 1846
Megaptera longimana morei Gray, 1866
Megaptera longipinna Gray, 1846
Megaptera nodosa Bonnaterre, 1789
Megaptera nodosa Lahille, 1905
Megaptera nodosa bellicosa Elliot, 1904
Megaptera nodosa lalandii Tomilin, 1946 a
Megaptera nodosa nodosa Tomilin, 1946
Megaptera nodosa novaezealandiae Ivashin, 1958
Megaptera novaezelandiae Gray, 1864
Megaptera osphya Mead & Brownell, 2005
Megaptera osphyia Cope, 1865
Megaptera poescop Gray, 1846
Megaptera versabilis Cope, 1869
Poescopia lalandii Gray, 1866
Rorqualus antarcticus F. Cuvier, 1836
Rorqualus australis Hamilton, 1837

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Tetrapoda (Superclass) > Mammalia (Class) > Theria (Subclass) > Cetartiodactyla (Order) > Cetancodonta (Suborder) > Cetacea (Infraorder) > Mysticeti (Superfamily) > Balaenopteridae (Family) > Megaptera (Genus) > Megaptera novaeangliae (Species)



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