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Rhizopsammia wellingtoni Wellington's Solitary Coral

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Foto: Galapagos, Equador

Uploaded by AndiV.
Courtesy of the author Paul Humann, USA Image detail


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lexID:
11179 
AphiaID:
289181 
Scientific:
Rhizopsammia wellingtoni 
German:
Großpolypige Steinkoralle 
English:
Wellington's Solitary Coral 
Category:
Stony Corals LPS 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Scleractinia (Order) > Dendrophylliidae (Family) > Rhizopsammia (Genus) > wellingtoni (Species) 
Initial determination:
Wells, 1982 
Occurrence:
Eastern Pacific Ocean, Ecuador, Endemic species, Galapagos Islands 
Sea depth:
Meter 
Temperature:
75.2 °F - 80.6 °F (24°C - 27°C) 
Food:
Amphipods, azooxanthellat, nonphotosynthetic, Copepods, Daphnia salina, Dustfood , Invertebrates, Lobster eggs, Zooplankton 
Difficulty:
There are no reports available yet that this animal has already been kept in captivity successfully 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Appendix II ((commercial trade possible after a safety assessment by the exporting country)) 
Red List:
Critically endangered (CR) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2017-11-06 11:56:28 

Husbandry

Wells, 1982

Very special thanks for the photo of the ultra rare coral Rhizopsammia wellingtoni to Paul Humann, http://fishid.com/, USA.
Paul has taken the photo at the Galagaos-Island and it seems to be the only exsiting photo.
Refering to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the coral is critically endangered (possibly extinct)!!
Last records: 2000

Informations from IUCN:

Rhizopsammia wellingtoni occurs on under rock ledges, overhangs and ceilings of caves; at depths of 2 to 45 m (Wells 1983, Cairns 1991, Hickman 2005, P. Humann pers. comm. to C.P. Hickman).

Before the 1982-83 ENSO (El Niño) event, Glynn and Wellington (1983) reported R. wellingtoni was most abundant (approx. 13% of mean surface coverage) at 15 m depth at Tagus Cove, Isabela. After the 1982-83 El Niño event most R. wellingtoni colonies were destroyed, except for colonies at Cousins and Gordons Rocks (Hickman 2005). P. Humann (pers. comm. to C.P. Hickman) observed and photographed one colony at Cousins and another one at Gordons Rocks in 1993; and in the late 1990s he took a photograph at the Gordons Rocks' colony. Witman and Smith (2003) reported R. wellingtoni inside their permanent photo quadrats at Gordons Rocks in 1999 and in 2000. Since then, R. wellingtoni has not been observed at Gordons Rocks, Cousins or anywhere else, despite targeted searches.

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Hexacorallia (Subclass) > Scleractinia (Order) > Dendrophylliidae (Family) > Rhizopsammia (Genus) > Rhizopsammia wellingtoni (Species)

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