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Stony Corals LPS

General information


LPS corals are also referred to as stony corals, and are members of the order Scleractinia. LPS Corals can be differentiated from other types of corals by their calcium skeleton or base.

LPS corals need like SPS corals too, excellent water conditions, adequate lighting, and space within the reef aquarium. LPS corals are use a mechanism called a nematocyst to deliver a sting to ward off predators, or maintain their space on the reef from other species of competing corals. Some species of LPS have sweeper tentacles that can reach several inches long at night. These tentacles will sting adjacent and neighboring corals causing extensive damage to some species. Avoid contact with LPS corals when cleaning the aquarium. Many aquarists suffer mild allergic reactions to the stinging cells of some corals. Do not handle hard corals by their fleshy polyps, as damage to the coral will usually occur.

Hard corals reproduce both sexually by releasing eggs and sperm into the water, and also asexually by producing buds generated from the parent. The most common form of reproduction in an aquarium is budding.

Most of the LPS corals obtain nutrients from the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae contained within their bodies. Corals and algae have a special relationship. Coral receives nutrients and oxygen from algae, and the algae receives carbon dioxide and nutrients from the coral. Hard corals benefit from the addition of supplements such as calcium and Strontium to promote growth and maintain the health of the animal.


Acanthastrea

Africana

Agaricia

Alveopora

Anomastraea

Astrangia

Astrea

Astreopora

Astroides

Australogyra

Australomussa

Balanophyllia

Balanopsammia

Barabattoia

Bernardpora

Blastomussa

Boninastrea

Cantharellus

Caryophyllia

Catalaphyllia

Caulastraea

Cladocora

Cladopsammia

Coelastrea

Coeloseris

Coenocyathus

Colpophyllia

Coscinaraea

Craterastrea

Ctenactis

Ctenella

Culicia

Cycloseris

Cynarina

Cyphastrea

Dendrogyra

Dendrophyllia

Desmophyllum

Diaseris

Dichocoenia

Diploastrea

Diploria

Duncanopsammia

Echinomorpha

Echinophyllia

Echinopora

Eguchipsammia

Erythrastrea

Euphyllia

Eusmilia

Favia

Favites

Fungia

Galaxea

Gardineroseris

Goniastrea

Goniopora

Gyrosmilia

Halomitra

Heliofungia

Helioseris

Herpolitha

Heterocyathus

Heteropsammia

Homophyllia

Hoplangia

Horastrea

Hydnophora

Isophyllia

Leptastrea

Leptopsammia

Leptoria

Leptoseris

Lithophyllon

Lobactis

Lobophyllia

Lophelia

Madracis

Manicina

Meandrina

Merulina

Micromussa

Montastrea

Moseleya

Mussa

Mussismilia

Mycedium

Mycetophyllia

Nemenzophyllia

Orbicella

Oulastrea

Oulophyllia

Oxypora

Pachyseris

Paracyathus

Paramontastraea

Parascolymia

Parasimplastrea

Pavona

Pectinia

Phyllangia

Physogyra

Platygyra

Plerogyra

Plesiastrea

Pleuractis

Podabacia

Polycyathus

Polyphyllia

Poritipora

Pourtalosmilia

Pseudosiderastrea

Rhizopsammia

Rhizosmilia

Rhizotrochus

Rhizpsammia

Sandalolitha

Scapophyllia

Schizoculina

Sclerophyllia

Scolymia

Siderastrea

Simplastrea

Sinuorota

Solenastrea

Solenosmilia

Stephanocoenia

Stylaraea

Stylocoeniella

Symphyllia

Thalamophyllia

Trachyphyllia

Truncatoflabellum

Tubastraea

Turbinaria

Vaughanella

Zoopilus