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Sciaena umbra Brown meagre


Profile

lexID:
4564 
AphiaID:
127010 
Scientific:
Sciaena umbra 
German:
Meerrabe 
English:
Brown Meagre 
Category:
Croaker  
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Sciaenidae (Family) > Sciaena (Genus) > umbra (Species) 
Initial determination:
Linnaeus, 1758 
Occurrence:
Straße von Gibralta, the Black Sea, East-Atlantic Ocean, Egypt, European Coasts, Madeira, Northern Africa, Portugal, Senegal, Spain, the British Isles, the Canary Islands, the Cape Verde Archipelago, the Mediterranean Sea, West Africa 
Size:
11.02" - 27.56" (28cm - 70cm) 
Temperature:
- 78.8 °F (°C - 26°C) 
Food:
Crabs, Crustaceans, Fish (little fishes), Invertebrates, Mysis, Schrimps 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-08-25 12:54:38 

Husbandry

Linnaeus, 1758

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: English Channel to Mauritania, occasionally southwards to Senegal.
Also throughout the Mediterranean and Black seas.

Biology
Occurs in shallow coastal waters mainly on rocky and sandy bottoms, often entering estuaries and more active at night.
Also inhabits caves and reefs.
Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans.
SCUBA diving observations suggest this to be a very calm fish with remarkable buoyancy control and an ability to move without much apparent effort.
Marketed fresh and frozen; in Turkey, otoliths are ground to a powder and used as remedy for urinary tract infections.

Synonymised taxa:
Bairdiella umbra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Coracinus chalcis Pallas, 1814
Corvina canariensis Cuvier, 1830
Corvina umbra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Johnius umbra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sciaena nigra Bloch, 1792

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