Circumtropical. Indian Ocean: Reunion and Mauritius and Christmas Island.
Western Pacific: Palau, and the Hawaiian Islands. Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Bahamas, and Caribbean Sea; may occur in southern Florida, USA and northwestern Gulf of Mexico.
Reported from Bahia, Brazil.
Eastern Atlantic: around oceanic islands.
A benthic species and solitary species,
inhabiting outer reef slopes.
Occurs under ledges and in holes of reef slopes Has the habit of puffing its head like a cobra when approached.
Secretive and nocturnal.
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial