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Sardinella aurita Round sardinella

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© Dr. Peter Wirtz

Uploaded by AndiV.
Courtesy of the author Prof. Dr. Peter Wirtz, Madeira Image detail


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lexID:
4697 
AphiaID:
126422 
Scientific:
Sardinella aurita 
German:
Sardinelle 
English:
Round Sardinella 
Category:
Herrings 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Clupeiformes (Order) > Clupeidae (Family) > Sardinella (Genus) > aurita (Species) 
Initial determination:
Valenciennes, 1847 
Occurrence:
Benin, Ghana, Barbados, Suriname, Straße von Gibralta, the Black Sea, Argentina, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, Cameroon, Columbia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East-Atlantic Ocean, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, European Coasts, French Guiana, Guatemala, Gulf of Mexico, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Madeira, Mexico (East Pacific), Morocco, Namibia, Nicaragua, Northern Africa, Panama, Portugal, Puerto Rico, São Tomé e Principé, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South-Africa, Spain, The Bahamas, the Canary Islands, the Cape Verde Archipelago, the Caribbean, the Cayman Islands, the Ivory Coast, the Mediterranean Sea, Togo, Uruguay, USA, Venezuela, West-Atlantic Ocean 
Size:
9.84" - 12.2" (25cm - 31cm) 
Temperature:
75.2 °F - 86 °F (24°C - 30°C) 
Food:
Phytoplankton, Zooplankton 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-10-03 21:50:36 

Husbandry

Valenciennes, 1847

Distribution:
Eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar to Saldanha Bay, South Africa.
Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Atlantic: Cape Cod, USA to Argentina. Bahamas, Antilles, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coast.

Biology:
Schools in coastal waters from inshore to edge of shelf. Prefers clear saline water with a minimum temperature below 24°C.
Juveniles tend to stay in nursery areas, but on maturity rejoin adult stocks offshore. Strongly migratory, often rising to surface at night and dispersing.
Feeds mainly on zooplankton, especially copepods. Juveniles take phytoplankton.
Breeds perhaps throughout the year, but with distinct peaks.
In some areas there are two main spawning periods. Marketed fresh or canned.
Trematode found in intestinal tract.

Human uses
Fisheries: highly commercial; bait: usually

Synonymised taxa:
Alosa senegalensis Bennett, 1831
Clupanodon pseudohispanica (Poey, 1860)
Clupea allecia Rafinesque, 1810
Clupea aurovittata Swainson, 1838
Clupea caeruleovittata Richardson, 1846
Clupea venulosa Steinitz, 1927
Meletta mediterranea Valenciennes, 1847
Sardinella anchovia Valenciennes, 1847
Sardinella aurita mediterranea (Valenciennes, 1847)
Sardinella aurita terrasae Lozano-Rey, 1950
Sardinella euxina Antipa, 1906
Sardinella pinnula Bean, 1912
Sardinia pseudohispanica Poey, 1860

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