Special thanks to Paul Ferber, Cambogia, for the foto!
Worldwide in tropical and subtropical waters, but absent in the eastern Pacific and the Pacific Plate, except marginally.
Canada to Bermuda and Massachusetts, USA to Argentina, including the Gulf of Mexico and entire Caribbean.
Morocco to South Africa. Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (Ref. 2871, 5213, 6644, 30573) and Hokkaido, Japan to Australia.
Occur in a variety of habitats, over mud, sand and gravel bottoms; over coral reefs, off rocky shores and in mangrove sloughs; inshore around pilings and buoys, and offshore around drifting and stationary objects; occasionally in estuaries.
Form small groups and may pursue small pelagic inshore.
Feed on crabs, fishes, and squids.
Spawn during the warm months in the western Atlantic; eggs and larvae planktonic.
Caught in small quantities due to its solitary behavior.
Good food fish; marketed fresh, smoked, and frozen. Also caught for sport.
Apolectus niger (Bloch, 1793)
Centronotus gardenii Lacepède, 1801
Centronotus spinosus Mitchill, 1815
Elacate atlantica Cuvier, 1832
Elacate bivittata Cuvier, 1832
Elacate canada (Linnaeus, 1766)
Elacate falcipinnis Gosse, 1851
Elacate malabarica Cuvier, 1832
Elacate motta Cuvier, 1829
Elacate nigra (Bloch, 1793)
Elacate pondiceriana Cuvier, 1832
Gasterosteus canadus Linnaeus, 1766
Meladerma nigerrima Swainson, 1839
Naucrates niger (Bloch, 1793)
Rachicentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Rachycentrodon canadum (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Rachycentron canadus (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Rachycentron typus Kaup, 1826
Rachycentrum canadum (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Scomber niger Bloch, 1793
Thynnus canadensis Gronow, 1854