Special thanks for the foto to Christian Coudre, France, merci!
IUCN Red List:
Extirpated by trawling from much of its former range.
Eastern Atlantic: Norway, Iceland, the Faroes to Senegal, including western Mediterranean and western part of the Baltic.
Benthic species in shelf and slope waters with a wide tolerance for depth and temperature.
Found in coastal waters mainly within the 200 m range.
Feed on all kinds of bottom animals, large individuals prefer fish.
Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace.
Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother.
Mate in spring and the egg capsules are laid during the summer. Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats.
Egg capsules are 10.6-24.5 cm long and 5.0-14.5 cm wide.
About 40 eggs per individual are laid annually.
Batis vulgaris Couch, 1862
Dipturus flossada (Status under discussion)
Dipturus intermedia (Status under discussion)
Propterygia hyposticta Otto, 1821
Raia flossada Risso, 1827
Raia gaimardi Gaimard, 1851
Raia intermedia Parnell, 1837
Raja batis Linnaeus, 1758
Raja flossada Risso, 1827
Raja intermedia Parnell, 1837
Raja macrorhynchus Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
Raja macrorynchus Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)