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Trachurus trachurus Atlantic horse mackerel


Profile

lexID:
4914 
Scientific:
Trachurus trachurus 
German:
Bastard- oder Holzmakrele , Stöcker 
English:
Atlantic horse mackerel 
Category:
Jacks and Pompanos 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Carangidae (Family) > Trachurus (Genus) > trachurus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, 1758) 
Occurrence:
West Sahara, Straße von Gibralta, Russland, Ghana, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, Algeria, East-Atlantic Ocean, Egypt, European Coasts, Iceland, Israel, Madeira, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Portugal, Scandinavia, Senegal, Spain, the British Isles, the Canary Islands, the Cape Verde Archipelago, the Isle of Man, the Mediterranean Sea 
Size:
8.66" - 27.56" (22cm - 70cm) 
Temperature:
32 °F - 82.4 °F (°C - 28°C) 
Food:
Algae, Amphipods, Aquatic plant, Clams, Copepods, Crabs, Crustaceans, Edible crab, Fish (little fishes), Fish larvae, Hydrozoa polyps, Invertebrates, Jellyfish, Krill, Lobster, Mysis, Rock shrimps, Schrimps, Sea squirts, Sepia, Snails, Sponges, Squid, Worms, Zooplankton 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
non-toxic 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-12-26 18:04:23 

Husbandry

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Special thanks for the foto to Christian Coudre, France.

Distribution:
Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, round the coast to Maputo.

Adults form large schools in coastal areas with sandy substrate.
Feed on fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods. Are batch spawners.
Females lay 140,000 eggs, which hatch into 5mm long larvae. Eggs are pelagic.
Divided into two stocks: West stock and North Sea stock. West stock spawns in a belt from the Biscay to Ireland in early spring, migrates north and eastwards to southern Norway and northern North Sea.
North Sea stock spawns in the southern North Sea in summer, migrates to central North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat.

Synonymised taxa:
Caranx trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Scomber trachurus Linnaeus, 1758
Trachurus europaeus Gronow, 1854
Trachurus saurus Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)
Trachurus vulgaris Fleming, 1828

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