Northeast Atlantic: southern Norway, Sweden and Shetland Islands to Morocco and West Sahara, including the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
benthic species that occurs inshore, on coasts and along the continental shelf;
may enter estuaries.
Found mainly on sand or mud bottoms; sluggish by day, lying buried with eyes protruding.
IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered
Rhina squatina Linnaeus (synonym)
Squalraia acephala de la Pylaie, 1835
Squalraia cervicata de la Pylaie, 1835
Squalus squatina Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Squatina angelus Blainville, 1825
Squatina angelus Gronow, 1854
Squatina europaea Swainson, 1839
Squatina laevis Cuvier, 1816
Squatina lewis Couch, 1825
Squatina vulgaris Risso, 1810
Also utilizes areas with macroalgae, kelp or rocks.
Nocturnal species, swims off bottom at night. Feeds mainly on flatfishes and other benthic fishes, but also on skates, crustaceans and molluscs, with one record of swallowed cormorant.
Moves to deeper waters during winter, returning to the shallower depths in the spring.
Moving northwards in summer. Ovoviviparous. Females generally grow larger than males.
Detects weak electric fields generated by other organisms.
Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption, and possibly for oil and fishmeal