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Squatina squatina Angelshark


Profile

lexID:
4695 
AphiaID:
105928 
Scientific:
Squatina squatina 
German:
Engelhai 
English:
Angelshark 
Category:
Sharks 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Elasmobranchii (Class) > Squatiniformes (Order) > Squatinidae (Family) > Squatina (Genus) > squatina (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
Occurrence:
Straße von Gibralta, the Black Sea, the North Sea, Alaska, Egypt, European Coasts, Northern Africa, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, the British Isles, the Canary Islands, the Isle of Man, the Mediterranean Sea, West Africa 
Size:
59.06" - 96.06" (150cm - 244cm) 
Temperature:
33.8 °F - 78.8 °F (1°C - 26°C) 
Food:
Big fish, Crabs, Edible crab, Flatfish, Lobster, Rock lobster, Sepia, Squid, Starfishs, Stringrays (small ones) 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
  • Squatina aculeata
  • Squatina africana
  • Squatina albipunctata
  • Squatina argentina
  • Squatina armata
  • Squatina australis
  • Squatina caillieti
  • Squatina dumeril
  • Squatina formosa
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-10-03 14:03:48 

Husbandry

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Distribution:
Northeast Atlantic: southern Norway, Sweden and Shetland Islands to Morocco and West Sahara, including the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

Biology:
benthic species that occurs inshore, on coasts and along the continental shelf;
may enter estuaries.
Found mainly on sand or mud bottoms; sluggish by day, lying buried with eyes protruding.

IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered

Synonymised taxa:

Rhina squatina Linnaeus (synonym)
Squalraia acephala de la Pylaie, 1835
Squalraia cervicata de la Pylaie, 1835
Squalus squatina Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Squatina angelus Blainville, 1825
Squatina angelus Gronow, 1854
Squatina europaea Swainson, 1839
Squatina laevis Cuvier, 1816
Squatina lewis Couch, 1825
Squatina vulgaris Risso, 1810

Also utilizes areas with macroalgae, kelp or rocks.
Nocturnal species, swims off bottom at night. Feeds mainly on flatfishes and other benthic fishes, but also on skates, crustaceans and molluscs, with one record of swallowed cormorant.
Moves to deeper waters during winter, returning to the shallower depths in the spring.
Moving northwards in summer. Ovoviviparous. Females generally grow larger than males.
Detects weak electric fields generated by other organisms.
Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption, and possibly for oil and fishmeal

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