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Pinctada imbricata pearl oyster, Marten's pearl oyster[,Japanese pearl-oyster,Atlantic pearl-oyster


Foto: Blue Heron Bridge, Riviera Beach, Florida, USA
Oktober 2014 1,8 Meter Tiefe
Uploaded by AndiV.
Courtesy of the author Anne DuPont, USA Image detail


Pinctada imbricata 
Flügelauster, Japanische Perlmuschel , Atlantische Perlmuschel 
Pearl Oyster, Marten's Pearl Oyster[,Japanese Pearl-oyster,Atlantic Pearl-oyster 
Sea Shells 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Mollusca (Phylum) > Bivalvia (Class) > Ostreida (Order) > Margaritidae (Family) > Pinctada (Genus) > imbricata (Species) 
Initial determination:
Röding, 1798 
Guadeloupe, Barbados, Suriname, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, Canada , Central Pazific, Columbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Florida, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Gulf of Mexico, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indian Ocean, Indo Pacific, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Lord Howe Island, Madagascar, Martinique, Mexico (East Pacific), Mozambique, Nicaragua, Norfolk Island, Palau, Panama, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland (Australia), Red Sea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tansania, The Bahamas, the Cape Verde Archipelago, the Caribbean, the Kermadec Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, USA, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, U.S., Western Pacific Ocean 
Sea depth:
0 - 23 Meter 
7,6 cm 
- 78.8 °F (°C - 26°C) 
Not for beginners 
Possible to breed 
Toxic hazard unknown 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
Last edit:
2020-04-23 17:10:02 

Captive breeding / propagation

The offspring of Pinctada imbricata are possible. Unfortunately, the number of offspring is not large enough to cover the demand of the trade. If you are interested in Pinctada imbricata, please ask your dealer for offspring. If you already own Pinctada imbricata, try breeding yourself. This will help to improve the availability of offspring in the trade and to conserve natural stocks.


Pinctada imbricata Röding, 1798

Pinctada is a genus of saltwater oysters, marine bivalve mollusks in the family Pteriidae, the pearl oysters. These oysters have a strong inner shell layer composed of nacre, also known as "mother of pearl".

Pinctada imbricata : shell roundish, thin, flattened to moderately inflated, inequivalve. Hinge with 2 wing-like projections, posterior projection shorter than that of Pteria colymbus. Periostracum with flat, scale-like projections aligned concentrically. Colour: externally tan, brown, or purplish, with greenish cast, internally nacreous.

Can be found attached to rocks or other hard substrates. Small specimens found in rock-pools between tide-marks.

Highly commercial human uses.

Host of Bucephalus margaritae Ozaki & Ishibashi, 1934 Feedingtype: endoparasitic, Stage: larva (from synonymPinctada martensi)
Host of Lophotaspis margaritiferae (Shipley & Hornell, 1904) Ward & Hopkins, 1931 Feedingtype: endoparasitic, Stage: adult (from synonymMargaritifera vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817))
Host of Musalia herdmani Shipley & Hornell, 1904 Feedingtype: endoparasitic, Stage: larva (from synonymMargaritifera vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817))
Host of Muttua margaritiferae Shipley & Hornell, 1904 Feedingtype: endoparasitic, Stage: larva (from synonymMargaritifera vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817))
Host of Tylocephalum ludificans Jameson, 1912 Feedingtype: endoparasitic, Stage: larva
Host of Tylocephalum minus Jameson, 1912 Feedingtype: endoparasitic, Stage: larva

Synonymised names:
Avicula (Meleagrina) horrida Dunker, 1872 (synonym)
Avicula (Meleagrina) japonica Dunker, 1879 (junior homonym of Avicula martensii Dunker, 1852)
Avicula (Meleagrina) martensii Dunker, 1880 (synonym)
Avicula aerata Reeve, 1857 (synonym)
Avicula alaperdicis Reeve, 1857 (synonym)
Avicula flabellum Reeve, 1857 (synonym)
Avicula fucata Gould, 1850 (synonym)
Avicula lacunata Reeve, 1857 (synonym)
Avicula occa Reeve, 1857 (synonym)
Avicula perviridis Reeve, 1857 (synonym)
Avicula savignyi (Monterosato, 1884) (synonym)
Avicula squamosa Deshayes, 1830 (synonym)
Avicula squamulosa Lamarck, 1819 (synonym)
Margarita crocata Swainson, 1831
Margaritifera vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817)
Meleagrina imbricata (Röding, 1798)
Meleagrina vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817)
Perlamater vulgaris Schumacher, 1817 (synonym)
Pinctada fucata martensi Dunker, 1880 (misspelling)
Pinctada fucata martensii (Dunker, 1880)
Pinctada imbricata imbricata Röding, 1798· accepted, alternate representation
Pinctada martensi (misspelling)
Pinctada martensii (Dunker, 1880)
Pinctada vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817)
Pteria crocata (Swainson, 1831)
Pteria imbricata (Röding, 1798)
Pteria vulgaris (Schumacher, 1817)

Direct children:
Subspecies Pinctada imbricata fucata (Gould, 1850)
Subspecies Pinctada imbricata radiata (Leach, 1814)
Subspecies Pinctada imbricata imbricata Röding, 1798 represented as Pinctada imbricata Röding, 1798



Husbandry know-how of owners

Dhara am 01.10.12#2
Bei mir wächst diese Muschel im Nanobecken seit 1,5 Jahren aus dem Lebendgestein heraus und ist mittlerweile ca. 5 cm gross. Sie hat sämtliche Anfängerfehler und Widrigkeiten ohne Probleme mit gemacht. Mittlerweile wachsen 2 andere an anderen Stellen ebenso gut.
stefank am 21.10.11#1
Also erstmal möchte ich mich für die ID bedanken. :)
Zur Haltung gibt es nicht viel zu sagen. Für die 12cm hat sie ca. 4 Jahre gebraucht. Sie stellt absolut keine Ansprüche an ihren Standort. Unter allen Bedingungen im Aquarium ist sie problemlos weiter gewachsen.
Also sehr gut für das Aquarium geeignet. :)
2 husbandary tips from our users available
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Last comment in the discussion about Pinctada imbricata

Gaufl am 10.09.19#1
Wer hat denn den Eintrag bearbeitet und den lat. Namen geändert? Das sollte so nicht richtig sein. Pteria crocea wäre passend.

Last comment in the discussion about Pinctada imbricata