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Carcharhinus falciformis Silky shark


Profile

lexID:
4875 
AphiaID:
105789 
Scientific:
Carcharhinus falciformis 
German:
Seidenhai 
English:
Silky Shark 
Category:
Sharks 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Elasmobranchii (Class) > Carcharhiniformes (Order) > Carcharhinidae (Family) > Carcharhinus (Genus) > falciformis (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Müller & Henle, ), 1839 
Occurrence:
Benin, Suriname, Ghana, Barbados, Zirkumsubtropisch, Cocos Island (Costa Rica), (the) Maldives, Angola, Australia, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, China, Circumtropic, Columbia, Comores, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East-Atlantic Ocean, Eastern Pacific Ocean, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Galapagos Islands, Guam, Guatemala, Gulf of California, Gulf of Mexico, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Kiribati, Lord Howe Island, Madeira, Marschall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico (East Pacific), Micronesia, Mozambique, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Red Sea, São Tomé e Principé, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South-Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tansania, Thailand, The Bahamas, the Canary Islands, the Cape Verde Archipelago, the Caribbean, the Cayman Islands, The Gulf of Guinea, the Ivory Coast, the Seychelles, Togo, Tonga, Uruguay, USA, Venezuela, Vietnam, West-Atlantic Ocean, Western Indian Ocean, Western Pacific Ocean 
Sea depth:
1 - 4000 Meter 
Size:
78.74" - 137.8" (200cm - 350cm) 
Temperature:
73.4 °F - 75.2 °F (23°C - 24°C) 
Food:
Fish (little fishes), Sepia 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Appendix II ((commercial trade possible after a safety assessment by the exporting country)) 
Red List:
Near threatened (NT) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-12-15 12:46:00 

Husbandry

(Müller & Henle, 1839)

Distribution
Circumtropical. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to southern Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to Uruguay.

Eastern Atlantic: Spain, Madeira to northern Angola; St. Paul's Rocks; Cape Verde.

Indo-Pacific: scattered records from the Red Sea and Natal, South Africa to China, New Zealand, and the Caroline, Hawaiian, Phoenix and Line islands. Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico to northern Chile.
Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Biology:
Found abundantly near the edge of continental and insular shelves, but also in the open sea and occasionally inshore.
Often found in deepwater reefs and near insular slopes.
Littoral and epipelagic, in the open sea or near the bottom at 18-500 m.
It is quick-moving and aggressive.
Solitary; often associated with schools of tuna (Ref. 244).
Feeds mainly on fishes, but also squid, paper nautiluses, and pelagic crabs.
Viviparous.
Regarded as dangerous to humans.
Flesh utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption; its hide for leather; its fin for shark-fin soup; its liver for oil.
2 to 14 young, 73 to 87 cm, are born per litter.

IUCN Red List Status:
Near Threatened (NT)

Threat to humans:
Traumatogenic

Synonymised taxa:
Aprionodon sitankaiensis Herre, 1934
Carcharhinus atrodorsus Deng, Xiong & Zhan, 1981
Carcharhinus falciformes (Müller & Henle, 1839) (misspelling)
Carcharhinus floridanus Bigelow, Schroeder & Springer, 1943
Carcharhinus floridianus Bigelow, Schroeder & Springer, 1943
Carcharhinus menisorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839) (Synonym)
Carcharias falciformis Müller & Henle, 1839
Carcharias falcipinnis Lowe, 1839
Carcharias menisorrah Müller & Henle, 1839
Carcharins menisorrah Müller & Henle, 1839 (misspelling)
Carcharius menisorrah Müller & Henle, 1839 (misspelling)
Eulamia malpeloensis Fowler, 1944
Eulamia menisorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839)
Gymnorhinus pharaonis Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899
Prionodon tiburo (Poey, 1860)
Squalus tiburo Poey, 1860



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