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Leptogorgia enrici Gorgonian

Leptogorgia enriciis commonly referred to as Gorgonian. Difficulty in the aquarium: There are no reports available yet that this animal has already been kept in captivity successfully. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.

Profilbild Urheber ZooKeys

Holotyp NMNH-1638560

Courtesy of the author ZooKeys

Uploaded by AndiV.

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Leptogorgia enrici 
Sea Fans 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Alcyonacea (Order) > Gorgoniidae (Family) > Leptogorgia (Genus) > enrici (Species) 
Initial determination:
Hernández, Gómez-Gutiérrez & Sánchez, 2021 
Gulf of California 
Sea depth:
5 - 40 Meter 
15,3 cm 
59 °F - 82.4 °F (15°C - 28°C) 
Dissolved inorganic substances) f.e.NaCL,CA, Mag, K, I.P, Dissolved organic substances, Starfishs, Zooxanthellae / Light 
There are no reports available yet that this animal has already been kept in captivity successfully 
Possible to breed 
Toxic hazard unknown 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
  • Leptogorgia abietina
  • Leptogorgia acuta
  • Leptogorgia aequatorialis
  • Leptogorgia albipunctata
  • Leptogorgia annobonensis
  • Leptogorgia arbuscula
  • Leptogorgia aureoflavescens
  • Leptogorgia barbadensis
  • Leptogorgia barnardi
More related species
in this lexicon:
Last edit:
2021-03-21 19:08:04 

Captive breeding / propagation

The offspring of Leptogorgia enrici are possible. Unfortunately, the number of offspring is not large enough to cover the demand of the trade. If you are interested in Leptogorgia enrici, please ask your dealer for offspring. If you already own Leptogorgia enrici, try breeding yourself. This will help to improve the availability of offspring in the trade and to conserve natural stocks.


Leptogorgia enrici is endemic to the Gulf of California (Cortez Province according to the biogeographical regions of Brusca and Wallerstein 1979 and Hasting 2000).
The highest population densities of Leptogorgia enrici are concentrated in the northern Gulf of California (northern Cortez subprovince), which has the greatest seasonal change in sea surface temperature (15-30 °C) and is also associated with high marine productivity.
Here, the gorgonian Leptogorgia enrici inhabits substrates of rocky reefs or gravelly and conchoidal seabed habitats surrounded by sand, in shallow waters, but is most commonly found between 20-40 metres.
Leptogorgia enrici may also be common in deeper waters, but more precise data on these depths are not available.

The gorgonian has a bright yellow colouration with planar growth and lateral branching, it grows wider than taller.
The colony builds a 9 mm diameter holdfast attached to a small rock of biogenic origin, from which emerges the main stem 15 mm long and 2 mm in diameter.
Two main branches emerge from the trunk: one 35 mm long and 2 mm in diameter and the other 117 mm long and 2 mm in diameter.
Several secondary, laterally growing branches arise from these branches. The terminal branches are 20 - 30 mm long, 1.5 mm in diameter and sharply pointed.
The polyp mounds are oval, 1 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, slightly raised and arranged irregularly or in rows on each side of all branches, but not on the trunk.

Leptogorgia enrici occurs in low densities scattered on the reefs (< 1 colony 100 m2) and never clustered in several colonies.
Horn's coral shares its habitat with Muricea spp, Muricea plantaginea (Valenciennes, 1846), Muricea austera Verrill, 1869, Muricea fruticosa Verrill, 1869, Eugorgia aurantiaca (Horn, 1861), Psammogorgia teres Verrill, 1868, and Heterogorgia papillosa Verrill, 1870.

Leptogorgia enrici was named in honour of Dr Enric Sala, a National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence who is actively involved in researching and sharing knowledge to protect the oceans. Enric Sala is a passionate enthusiast of marine life and conservation in Mexico's oceans, actively working to generate knowledge about marine biodiversity.
He founded and leads National Geographic's Pristine Seas Project, which has conducted 30 expeditions around the world and created 22 no-take large-scale protected areas (~5 million km2 fishery-free zones).

Hernández O, Gomez-Gutiérrez J, Sánchez C (2021)
Three new species of the sea fan genus Leptogorgia (Octocorallia, Gorgoniidae) from the Gulf of California, Mexico.
ZooKeys 1017: 1-20.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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